We have heard many myths about healthy food: pasta can not be eaten at night, otherwise you can get fat, chocolate provokes eels, and fish dishes are ideal for memory. Professor Marcello Ticca, one of the leading Italian experts in the field of nutrition, doctor, professor and vice president of the Italian Society of Food Sciences, in his book “Food Mirages” decided to dispel this misconception about proper nutrition. So, in what, according to the scientist, we are mistaken.
See also: 5 things that happen in your life after giving up sugar.
Misconceptions about healthy eating
- If you have pasta for dinner, you can get better.
In fact, there is no special time when it is possible, and when it is strictly forbidden to eat pasta. Yes, pasta is rich in carbohydrates, but if you do not pour them abundantly on oils and other spices, they are even very useful. Because they are digested much easier and faster than meat, so they must be eaten for dinner, as they facilitate digestion and, therefore, contribute to a strong and healthy sleep.
- Do not drink water while eating.
This is a fairly common opinion, based on the fact that drinking water during a meal can “dilute” the gastric juice produced by the walls of the stomach, thereby slowing down the digestion. On the contrary, intake of enough water during the use of food accelerates the feeling of fullness, which means that a person does not overeat. In addition, water stimulates the digestive process, making food more digestible in its consistency, thereby accelerating bowel emptying.
- Coffee causes cancer.
It is believed that coffee contains a lot of carcinogenic substances, but soon this myth was refuted, since data on the association of caffeine with the risk of the onset and development of cancer diseases are not enough. In addition, it has been proven that daily drinking a cup of coffee reduces the risk of premature death.
- Fish is good for memory, as it contains phosphorus.
First of all, I would like to note that the statement about the abundance of phosphorus in fish is incorrect. So, in its meat it is much more: for 100 g of fish 130-260 milligrams of phosphorus fall, and for 100 g of fresh meat - 150-330. In addition, there are products that contain even more phosphorus, for example, cheeses, legumes, dried fruits, clams.
- Protein diet is ideal for losing weight.
It is not true. Since a person must eat not only proteins, but also fats. If the body begins to receive less of some trace elements and vitamins, then it instantly negatively affects its appearance. Perhaps someone will lose extra kilos, sitting on a protein diet, but at the same time he will lose his health.
- Juices, cocktails and extracts are healthier than fruits and vegetables.
Eating fruits should always be a priority, because choosing a juice, a person actually loses most of the nutrients contained in the fibers of fruits and vegetables.
- Ice cream is a complete meal.
In fact, there is no high-grade product, both natural and cooked, which contains all the beneficial substances necessary for a balanced diet. From this we can conclude that ice cream can not claim to be considered a full-fledged food.
- Lemon disinfects seafood.
This belief, which is so common that it is very dangerous, because the lemon does not possess antimicrobial and disinfecting properties, respectively, it can not neutralize, for example, fish watered with lemon juice, or shrimp salad pickled in lemon.
- Red wine enriches the blood, curing anemia.
For many years, we were convinced that red wine, apparently on the basis of its color, similar to the color of blood, has anti-anemic power, since it contains iron in its abundance, which affects the mass production of red blood cells. It's not at all like that. To date, it has been proven that the amount of iron contained in wine is not only negligible (on average, 100 milligrams of drink per 0.5 ml of drink), but also not useful for the human body.
- Frozen foods have much less nutrients than fresh ones.
Freezing is the best way to preserve the quality and nutritional value of the product, as this is a very fast process. Therefore, with the help of freezing, you can get products whose nutritional value in some cases is much higher than that of similar, nominally declared "fresh".
- Raw eggs are hard to digest.
Among the numerous accusations against raw eggs, there is an exaggerated and unmotivated opinion that they have low digestibility. If you take a raw and boiled egg for comparison and examine how much they will digest, you can see that for two raw eggs it will take two hours, and for two boiled eggs three. The conclusion suggests itself.
- Pineapple, grapefruit, eaten after a meal, burn accumulated fats, thereby helping to lose weight.
Unfortunately, this is not the case. Of course, these fruits are very useful, as, in principle, any other, but they can not in any way destroy the fats - neither those that are present in food, nor those that have already been deposited in your body.
It does not matter where you learned about the rules of healthy eating: a friend who has never been ill and always looked good, told you, read in a fashionable dietician’s book or studied doctors' recommendations, you shouldn’t believe everything blindly. The nutrition that makes you feel healthy and happy is right, so it’s better to check and refute than to blindly believe and not benefit from it.